Throughout the annals of recorded history, man has been plagued with
the inexplicable problem of sin and its misery and death that came with
it. And, while the Bible teaches us that "the secret things belong unto
the LORD" (see Deuteronomy 29:29), the origin of sin is not one of God's
secrets. In His Word God has drawn aside the curtain, opening to us the
mystery of sin from its very inception to the present time. Going beyond
an historical sketch, it points us to the future and the ultimate end of
sin and all its attendant sorrow.
1. With whom did sin originate?
1 John 3:8__________________________________________________
2. What had been Satan's original condition?
3. What led to his rebellion and downfall?
Note: Though this passage refers to the person being
addressed as the king of Tyre, it also is plain that he had his origin
in Eden, the garden of God, and that he had existed there as an angel.
Through the inspired writings of both Ezekiel and Isaiah, Satan is addressed
as the king of an earthly empire. In both cases the city-states were centers
of commerce, known for their wealth and wickedness. So we see that regardless
of who the nominal, visible ruler of these great nations was, Satan was
seeking to work through them to accomplish his purposes, just as he worked
through the serpent in the garden of Eden. The apostle Paul confirms this
when, in Ephesians 6:12, he points out even while himself a prisoner for
Christ, that the Christian's real opposition does not arise from flesh
and blood, but from a spiritual source.
4. What did this pride lead Lucifer (Satan) to desire to
5. To what did this rebellion lead?
Note: Inherent in every rebellion against a government,
is the idea that the rebel would establish a better form of government,
based on better laws. From the first the great controversy had been over
the law of God. Satan sought to prove that God is unjust, that His law
is faulty, and that the good of the universe requires it to be changed.
In attacking the law he aimed to overthrow the authority of its Author.
This was tantamount to an open declaration of war.
6. Having lost the war, where did Satan then go?
Note: Though defeated in heaven, Satan was not then destroyed.
For God to have destroyed him would not have answered the charges he had
made. No, Satan had to be given an opportunity to show the whole universe
all that was involved in rebellion against God and just what type of government
he would establish. The security of the entire universe depended upon this
demonstration and its final outcome.
7. What did Satan promise Eve she could have?
Note: It was pride that led Satan to desire equality
with God and this same desire he now sought to foster in man. Satan tempted
Eve to believe equality was an obtainable goal, reached only through disobedience.
As soon as she followed his suggesfion to disobey God, she was in harmony
with the enemy of God.
8. Once man accepted Satan's suggestion and acted upon it, what
change took place in man?
Jeremiah 1 7:9_______________________________________________
9. What was fallen man's attitude toward his Creator's authority?
Note: Man, created to be a reflection of God (see Genesis
1:26-27), came under the control of a power that was in opposition to God's
rule and authority. Once in harmony with his Creator, he was now a rebel,
antagonistic to His rule and authority.
10. What promise, limiting Satan's power, was made to fallen man?
Note: When Satan heard that the seed of the woman should
bruise the serpent's head, he knew that though he had succeeded in depraving
human nature and assimilating it to his own, yet, by some mysterious process,
God would restore in man his lost power and enable him to resist and overcome
his conqueror. Christ was the special One who should bruise the head of
the serpent: but the prophecy also includes all those who shall overcome
the enemy by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony.
Whenever a soul decides to become a follower of Christ, taking a decided
stand for truth, the head of the serpent is bruised by the seed of the
11. Though not initially manifested, what was inherent in sin?
Note: Satan was not only a liar right from the beginning,
but a murderer too. While he was in heaven, seeking to establish a different
order of things, sin's end results were not apparent. Not even Satan realized,
at first, the full fruit of his rebellion against the government of heaven.
God saw what created beings could not-He saw to what extent selfishness
(all sin is selfishness) would lead. In putting Christ to death, Satan
revealed that which was inherent in sin all the time. Calvary was the revelation
of sin fully manifested. Sin is not just something we do. It is a state
of mind, and our actions are but a reflection of the rebellion inside.
While we would deny a hatred of God in our small matters of disobedience,
all sin has in it the seed of Calvary.
12. How were the outworkings of the principle of sin soon
13. What was God's response?
Note: Christ, the Prince of heaven, stepped down from
His high position, laid aside His royal robe and kingly crown, and clothed
His divinity with humanity and took the form of a servant that He might
become the divine Teacher of all classes of men, and live before human
beings a life free from all selfishness and sin, setting them an example
of what, through His grace, they may become. By His obedience He proved
the falsity of the charge that obedience is not possible, showing that
man can be obedient, thus condemning sin.
While Adam, as the federal head of the race and ruler
of the world, had yielded his authority to Satan, he only ruled subject
to God. Until the time of Christ, every son of Adam had fallen under the
power of Satan, and Satan claimed this world and its inhabitants as his
own. At times his power over men seemed to be almost absolute (see Genesis
6:5-6), yet the world ultimately belonged to God,and Satan could exercise
only that power which he had usurped. This fact Satan attempted to dispute
with Christ when He came (see Matthew 4:8-9), yet each confrontation only
made the more certain his own defeat.
14. Of what significance to us is Christ's life of obedience?
1 Peter 2:21-22______________________________________________
Note: By His perfect obedience Christ has made it possible
for every human being to obey God's commandments. In His humanity He wrought
out a perfect character, and this character He offers to impart to us.
15. How does God make this obedience possible in our
Note: When we submit ourseives to Christ He unites our
heart with His heart; our will is then merged in His will; our mind becomes
one with His. By this process, even our thoughts are brought into captivity
to Him, allowing us to live His life. See 2 Corinthians 10:3-5
Initially Satan coveted the position of God. Dissatisfied
with his position as the covering cherub, he wanted to be God. By his course
of action he showed that he would stop at nothing short of this, and any
obstruction to the realization of this goal must be put out of the way,
even God Himself. When Christ died on the cross, Satan stood unmasked before
the universe; he had demonstrated himself to be a liar and a murderer,
and that under his government everything good and honorable would be swept
away. He had forever removed himself from the sympathy of the onlooking
universe, and had made certain his own destruction; yet his existence was
continued. For what purpose? Because there was something more to be proved.
16. Having suffered defeat at Calvary, what did Satan next
himself to do?
Note: Not only was Satan filled with hatred for Christ
but also for all who would choose to follow Him. It was true that Jesus,
as man, had overcome Satan, but if he could keep the followers of Jesus
from making His victory a reality in their own lives, all might not yet